Germany in the middle for per-capita expenditure on health

In 2011, Germany spent 11.3 percent of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on health. This is revealed by the revised "Health Data 2013" document from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

In the OECD rankings, Germany was in the middle for health expenditure in 2011.
© El Gaucho -
In the OECD rankings, Germany was in the middle for health expenditure in 2011.

This figure puts Germany in fourth place behind the USA (17.7 percent), the Netherlands (11.9 percent) and France (11.6 percent). The average health expenditure by all OECD states is 9.3 percent of their GDP for health services. At the same time, Germany is in only ninth place among OECD countries for per capita health expenditure at USD 4.495. The highest per capita health spending is recorded by the USA (USD 8.508), followed by Norway, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Health expenditure in Germany increased in 2010 in real terms by more than two percent, before growth slowed somewhat in 2011 to 1.1 percent.

In 2011 there were 3.8 doctors per 1000 inhabitants (OECD average: 3.2 doctors per 1000 inhabitants). With 11.4 practising health carers per 1000 inhabitants, Germany is above the OECD average of 8.7. In 2011 Germany had 8.3 beds per 1000 inhabitants for inpatient care in hospitals, including care and rehabilitation institutions, which is considerably more than the OECD average of 4.8 beds per 1000 inhabitants. Only Japan and Korea had a higher bed-density in 2011.

Life expectancy has been increasing over the last decades in most of the OECD countries thanks to improved living conditions, more intensive health care and as a result of progress in medical care. In 2011 the life expectancy at birth for the entire population in Germany was 80.8 years, which is almost one year above the OECD average of 80.1 years. Among the OECD countries, life expectancy in Switzerland is highest at 82.8 years, followed by Japan and Italy, each with 82.7 years.

The OECD database is the most comprehensive source for comparative data on health condition and health systems in the 34 OECD countries. The data includes around 1200 indicators on health expenditure and financing, health condition and risk factors, as well as personnel, material and technological resources in the respective health systems.

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